Grammar Sentences, A Sample

Sample Sentences for Grammar Assignment Log Sheet:
(all incorrect parts in the sentence are boldfaced; the corrected form follows after the incorrect one, in [brackets])


1. Diction (word choice)


A. (WORDINESS): It is in my estimation that one ought to consider the fact that there is another food venue that provides free carbonated beverages with every meal.

[Consider another restaurant, one that provides free sodas with every meal.]


B. (EMPHASIS): At the sushi club meeting, we identified problems in finding new members, the publication of our weekly “feasts,” and maintenance of our Web site.

[At the sushi club meeting, we identified three major problems: finding new members, publicizing our weekly “feasts,” and maintaining our Web site. ]

C. (SLANG): That new Adam Sandler flick really pissed me off; I felt kind of like a total dipsh*t for having wasted eight bucks on that piece of crap.

[ The new Adam Sandler film was awful; I felt ridiculous, having wasted eight dollars on that cinematic mess. ]

D. (BIAS-FREE LANG.) At the Honolulu Advertiser, a journalist quickly recognizes his need for well-informed sources; after all, he must be at the top of his game.

[At the Honolulu Advertiser, journalists recognize their need for well-informed sources; such journalists must be ever-vigilant in their fields. ]

2. (SUBJECT-VERB AGR.):

Graham, my cousin, says that he don’t care about anybody who win the election, just as long as the road get fixed and taxes remains stable.

[ Graham, my cousin, says that he doesn’t care who wins the election, provided that roads get fixed and that taxes remain stable.]

3. (SENTENCE FRAGS.):

Jane thought Tarzan too vulgar. Then kicked him out of the tree. Wishing he would reflect, on his way down, what a vulgar ape he was.

[Thinking Tarzan far too vulgar, Jane kicked him out of the tree, wishing he would reflect upon his vulgar behavior on his way down. ]


4. (RTS—Run Ons, Comma Splices):

I don’t especially like tofu the way that it’s lacking in taste, | all I know is that you have to prepare tofu in a way that will make me want to continue eating it | after all it’s so plain.

[ I don’t particularly care for tofu’s lack of taste; to make me eat it, you’d ultimately have to prepare it in such a way so as to make it appealing. ]


5. (POSSESSIVES, APOSTS):

“I cant fathom my nieces’ inabilities’ to pickthe right suitor’s,” said Mr. Watanabe. “Shes always picking losers; its* so annoying.”

[ “I can’t fathom my niece’s inability to pick the right suitors,” said Mr. Watanabe. “She’s always picking losers; it’s so annoying.” ]

*The it's versus its usage error is considered by most grammarians to be the most common error on a student's paper.

6. (SPELLING/HOMOPHONES):

Their, over by the lake, Gina and Matt are playing soccer with there kids. Your going to play with them, aren’t you? You should bring one of your neices or nephews to play.

[Over by the lake, Gina and Matt are playing soccer with their children. You’re going to join them, aren’t you? Bring one of your nieces or nephews along to
play.]

7. (PRONOUN PROBLEMS)


A. (PRONOUN AGREEMENT): Everybody’s got their oddities particular to them. My dog likes to drink his beer.

[Every animal’s got his or her own peculiarities. My dog, for example, likes to drink beer served in its dish. ]


B. (SEXIST PRONOUN): See (DICTION 1D) for example.


C. (VAGUE PRONOUN): After Kiyomi’s meeting with her newspaper’s editor-in-chief, she reported that she wasn't sure if she agreed with her position on freedom of speech.

[After Kiyomi’s meeting with the newspaper’s editor-in-chief, the editor told Kiyomi that Kiyomi’s perspective about freedom of speech was questionable.]


8. (VERBS): Years later, he remembers that he once lies down on a bed of nails, been having fun as an amateur street performer when young.

[Years later, he remembered that he once lay on a bed of nails; he was, after all, an amateur street performer in his youth. ]


9. (PUNCTUATION)

(in this section, I will list the most common uses of each mark):
A. Commas

(AFTER INTRODUCTORY ELEMENTS) Therefore, as you can see, . . .
(AFTER DEPENDENT CLAUSES) At the mall, although she was poor, . . .
(AFTER FANBOYS JOINING CLAUSES) I went to the mall, and I got a pie …
(OFFSETTING LISTS): I purchased a PS2, XBOX, and Nintendo Game Cube…

B. Semicolons:

(SEPARATE MAIN CLAUSES) Pete is cool; Josh is a jerk.

C. Colons:

(DIRECT EXPLANATION) There was only one reason for the break-up of Ben Affleck and J. Lo: Ben’s ego and Jennifer’s derriere were too big.
(LIST) I need to pick up several food items: Spam, eggs, and rice.
(Quote) I love only one quote from Star Trek: “Live long and prosper.”

D. Quotations: See quoting section.

E. Dash

(DRAMATIC FINAL ELEMENT): The Super Bowl halftime show was rather enjoyable this year—if your idea of enjoyment is NOT Justin Timberlake’s lame dancing.
(ENCLOSED SPEECH): The majority of my time--time at Starbucks, Jamba Juice, or Costco—is time best spent without my wallet in hand.

10. MLA IN-TEXT

Q1. Documentation: Always have either the author’s name in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical citation.
R.G. Wagner asserts that “A local militia is essential for democracy” (04). /
A prominent member of the pro-gun lobby asserts, “A local militia secures democracy” (Wagner 04).


Q2. Enumeration: Always use double-digits when citing pages: (104-06).

03. Block-quote format:
A. A block quote is four or more lines of typed prose.
B. A block quote ends with the period first, then the parenthetical citation.
C. A block quote’s first line must be reproduced exactly as it appears in text.
D. A block quote needs to be indented 10 spaces (2 tabs) from the left margin.

Q4. Dropped Quotes: Never have a quote all by itself. ALWAYS PROVIDE a SIGNAL PHRASE. As psychologist C. Xavier notes, “Mutants are cool" (06).

C, Xavier, a noted scholar at the Xavier School, noted that "Mutants are cool" (06).